The regioning and regional policy are mutually related fields of natural-social organization and spatial management. These activities have the distinctive quality to analyze, optimize and coordinate the horizontal development policies. This integral by contents problem field is referred to also by the development of the rural regions, the agriculture and the activities related to it in the countries of the European Union. Both for the community and for Bulgaria, these are strategic, priority divisions of the development. Probably in the next plan periods, this stimulating policy will remain. Therefore the scientific regional studies of the agricultural sector and the rural regions have stable up-to-date horizon and applicability. For Bulgaria and Poland, the structure of the agricultural sector and dynamics of the rural regions have vital importance for the economics and quality of life of the human resources. In fact, for Bulgaria, the development of the rural regions covers more than 80,0% of the country area. Hence, the development of the rural regions is a national and integral problem in the next years. At the same time, the challenges before the agriculture and the rural regions require the application of new, system scientific approaches and methods for analysis and evaluation. The reasons are the new realities and the new economic geography which is forming in the EU. It is fully logically that the results of these studies are imperatively related to the other sector programs as well, priority axis and development objectives: NSDC1 – 2012-2025; NRDS2 – 2012–2022. The objective is to achieve stability and balance, competitiveness and innovativeness, restriction of the climate changes, intelligent and incorporative growth of the individual regions and national spaces. This is a part of the rationales characterizing the validity of the proposed theme.
The rural regions in the regional policy of Bulgaria: advantages and restrictions for development