The alternative and underestimated crop – Camelina sativa, has been presented as a subject of continuous scientific researches in the last 3 decades all over the world. The plant is tolerant to dry soils and low rainfalls, can survive in spring frosts down to -14°C, has short vegetation period and does not require high fertilization levels. Such an economical crop has a good potential for sustainable agricultural system. Camelina oil is an edible oil with certain therapeutical and healing properties – antioxidant, emollient, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, immune booster, etc. It can also be used for the production of biodiesel with consecutive use of the meat in animal and fish feeding. Camelina is resistant to some of the major pest of Brassicaceae, and can be used to improve arable soils and prevent soil erosion.
Evaluation of possibilities for practical use of plant genetic resources of Camelina (Camelina sativa) (Review)