Biology and phenology of Agapathia Osmanlis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), a potential candidate for biological control of Dipsacus Spp.
Download PDF
Author: Harizanova, Vili; Stoeva, Atanaska; Rector, Brian
The cut-leaf teasel Dipsacus laciniatus is an invasive weed in several states of the USA and alternative methods for its control are investigated. The cerambycid beetle Agapanthis osmanlis Reiche is feeding only on species from Dipsacaceae and it deserves more attention in respect of its potential as biocontrol agent of the weed. The species is common in Bulgaria, Turkey, Serbia, Macedonia, Romania. It has one generation per year and overwinters as completely developed larva in the base of the old stems. The phenology was studied in the region of Plovdiv in 2005-2008. The adults emerge in April, feed and mate for a long period before laying eggs individually after stems are being formed. The adults are feeding on the leaves and the apical parts of the bolting plant while the larvae are tunnelling the stem. The feeding by the adults on the rosette could be quite damaging for the plant, causing stunt development and formation of less and smaller seed heads with less seeds. Description of the stages and data about the phenology are given.